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|Titolo: ||Atlas of Italian irrigation systems|
Dodaro, Gian Marco
Pacicco, Ciro Luca
|Issue Date: ||2014|
|Abstract: ||In the last decade the need of planning and implementing sustainable water policy has grown in the International, European Community and National political milieu. The awareness of applying the concept of sustainability to water resources - according to the ecological, economical, financial and ethical principles - has implied the development of a complete knowledge framework of the complex National water system. Since the second postwar period, the National Institute of Agricultural Economics (INEA) has contributed to design the irrigation water policy in Italy by supporting the Italian Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies (MiPAAF) through the provision of technical studies about the issues and development opportunities of the irrigation sector. In particular, in 1965 a specific study produced the publication “Carta delle irrigazioni d’Italia” (Map of irrigation in Italy), realized on provincial scale through the analysis of data collected at municipal level. The work reported also the historical aspects of irrigation in Italy, the main collective irrigation infrastructures and the irrigated agricultural productions. After the 1990’s, the need for more accurate programming of irrigation investments induced the Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies to improve the state of knowledge about the irrigation sector through the technical support provided by INEA. Indeed, the recent research activities have been carefully designed in order to capture all relevant aspects of the irrigation sector such as the establishment of a modern and complete, centralized information system. Since 1994, starting from the Southern territories, INEA collected data and information on the irrigation sector and built up the Information System for Water Management in Agriculture (SIGRIA), focusing on territorial, structural, economical and managerial aspects. Since 2000, the information system has been implemented also for Northern and Central Italy by INEA and Regions. The stabilization of the research activities about the irrigation sector led to the definition of a specific research area inside INEA, called ‘Water Resources Management’ devoted to research and institutional support. In agreement with the Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies, INEA completed the organization and the updating of collected data in a National geo-database, called the National Information System for Water Management in Agriculture (the SIGRIAN). It is the most complete and updated instrument that supports Governmental Institutions in both efficiently allocating financial resources for investments and optimizing planning and management of water resource at a river basin level. The analysis of data and information collected in the SIGRIAN is the base of the present ‘Atlas of Italian Irrigation systems’ finalized in 2011 to celebrate the 150th Anniversary of the Italian Unification. The Atlas provides a thorough presentation of the current situation of the irrigation sector in Italy and its evolution in relation to the former study of 1965, by illustrating main collective irrigation systems and the use of water in agriculture on the base of the River Basin Districts defined by the Water Framework Directive. The Atlas focuses on the principal aspects regarding the evolution of the irrigation sector from 1965 at different levels, such as the regulatory framework, the governance at central and District level, the organization of water management at local level, the issues related to water charges and water management, the description of the condition of main infrastructures|
|Descrizione: ||In Italy, the agricultural development has been strongly linked to the access to water and the irrigated cropping systems have always been an important sectorin terms of income and employment.
The realization of a new "Atlas of Italian irrigation systems" updated to 2011 done by INEA after the first one in 1965 provides important considerations on the water sector evolution, considering also the critical issues and the potentialities for the future. The publication in the same years of the 150th anniversary of the Unity of Italy is not a coincidence, because irrigation accompanied the hystory of the Country and it is one of the major National issues considered a priority by the Italian government since the early years of the Unity of the Country.|
|Appears in Collections:||Politiche per l'ambiente e l'agricoltura. Risorse idriche|
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