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Titolo: Italian agriculture in figures. 2000, (12nd ed.)
Autore: INEA
Antimiani, Alessandro
Giordani, Roberto
Marras, Francesca
Massoli, Bruno
Melillo, Franca
Sardone, Roberta
Zaccarini Bonelli, Camillo
Bonati, Guido
Issue Date: 2001
Editore: INEA
Abstract: With this publication, is once more shown how essential a role it plays in the formulation and “broadcasting” of a modern and European agricultural policy at the service of Italian farmers and consumers. Considering Italy’s strong farming vocation, agriculture must become a strategic sector for the economic policy of our country: so much so that the Government and in particular the Ministry for Agricultural and Forestry Policies have identified this as a priority objective. The idea is to plan, at last, a coherent strategy for reviving the sector, which more than any other reconciles employment prospects with conservation of the environment, innovation with preservation of traditions. A winning mixture on which our energies should be directed in order to build an economy which is strong and at the same time respectful of our country’s geographical and cultural characteristics. The Ministry for Agricultural and Forestry Policies is especially committed to the creation of a new reference framework at EU and international levels. For some time now Italy has been requesting a new common agricultural policy based on a strategy for relaunching the sector and on the principle of equity, both of which have been lacking up to now, and on avoiding sporadic measures which in the past have sometimes even been in conflict with one another. I would add that Italian – and more generally Mediterranean – agriculture has been penalized by a system which has objectively favoured Northern European agriculture. You have only to think of the protection system at borders or of the battles which have to be fought daily to protect Mediterranean speciality foods, as recent events regarding rice and the fruit and vegetables sector show. This, however, does not place any doubt on the need for an increasingly organic and consistent common agricultural policy; this has been reiterated over the last few months in EU institutions and not only in the European Council of Ministers but also in the Commission and in Parliament itself, proof of a commitment to Europeanism which, however, must exist side by side with the need to protect Italian agriculture. There are three lines of action which the Ministry intends to follow within international and EU frameworks. First of all, the establishment of a support policy for income and virtuous behaviour in agriculture, with the abolition - advocated by the WTO - of aid mechanisms based solely on volume of production. Secondly, enhancement of the role of farmers and farmers’ associations by involving them directly in policy decisions regarding agriculture. Finally, encouragement of innovation and applied research, without neglecting to protect the quality and special character of our products or to defend consumer rights. Only in this way can a process begin of reconciling Italy with her agricultural traditions and of guaranteeing truly sustainable development. They are ambitious objectives, but within the reach of a country which wants to plan its future without forgetting its history.
L’opuscolo dell’INEA costituisce uno strumento agile e aggiornato sull’andamento del sistema agroalimentare italiano. L’edizione illustra il ruolo del settore primario all’interno del sistema economico nazionale; i rapporti con l’industria alimentare e la distribuzione; la sostenibilità ambientale dell’agricoltura; le produzioni di eccellenza; le politiche ai diversi livelli istituzionali (comunitario, nazionale, regionale). Tra le novità di quest’edizione, segnaliamo l’analisi delle aziende agricole e della loro classificazione tipologica sulla base degli ultimi dati dell’indagine campionaria sulle strutture e produzioni delle aziende agricole 2005 dell’ISTAT. In considerazione dei cambiamenti climatici in atto e della loro influenza sull’attività agricola, maggior rilievo è stato dato all’analisi dei fenomeni di lungo periodo e alle disponibilità irrigue delle regioni italiane. La sezione “Risorse naturali e multifunzionalità” si apre con una parte sulla biodiversità e agricoltura con approfondimenti su due indicatori: la presenza di avifauna e la ricchezza delle specie di vertebrati nelle aree agricole del nostro paese.
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